Here is a snippet from the Microsoft SharePoint 2013 Deployment Guide. Each is a different installation type outlined in the deployment guide.
Install SharePoint 2013 on a single server with SQL Server – Describes how to install SharePoint 2013 on a single server. This deployment uses SQL Server and can easily be scaled out to create two- and three-tier farm topologies.
Install SharePoint 2013 on a single server with a built-in database – Explains how to install SharePoint 2013 on a single server. This deployment uses SQL Server Express and is typically used for evaluating SharePoint 2013.
Install SharePoint 2013 across multiple servers for a three-tier farm – Describes how to install SharePoint 2013 on multiple servers. This deployment uses SQL Server and the resulting three-tier topology provides the foundation for implementing any solution.
Install and configure a virtual environment for SharePoint 2013 – This article describes how to use Windows PowerShell to install SharePoint 2013 in a Hyper-V environment.
Install or uninstall language packs for SharePoint 2013 – Describes language packs and how to download, install, and uninstall them.
Add web or application servers to farms in SharePoint 2013 – Explains how to add a web or application server to a farm. The procedures in this article apply to a SharePoint 2013 farm that consists of at least two tiers. They should not be used for converting a single server deployment to a multiple server farm.
Add a database server to an existing farm (SharePoint 2013) – Provides information about how to add a new database server to an existing SharePoint 2013 farm.
Remove a server from a farm in SharePoint 2013 – Describes how to remove a web server, application server, or a database server from a SharePoint 2013 farm.
Uninstall SharePoint 2013 – Describes how to remove SharePoint 2013 from a computer.
Install and configure a virtual environment for SharePoint 2013 – Learn about permissions, accounts, security settings, and what you have to do to prepare your Windows Server 2008 Hyper-V environment for SharePoint 2013.